The Matthew's Bible was the result of a collaboration between John Rogers and William Tyndale, in which the latter used a pen name since he was sure that a translation connected to his surname would be rejected by the king of England, Henry VIII.
The Bible was released in 1537 under a pen name "Tomas Matthew". Rogers mainly used Tyndale's translation of the New Testament and the books Genesis to Chronicles, and Coverdale's edition of the books Ezra to Malachi. He added title pages, margin notes, a calendar and an almanac. He worked as Tyndale's assistant and knew his teaching and theology very well. One of the king's entrusted advisors Thomas Cromwell, publicly supported Rogers and backed his work before the king, advising it would be sold and read until the bishop prepared better translations. The king didn't notice the engraved initials "W.T." in the introduction to the New Testament. He also didn't pay attention to the margin notes, which were critical to the papacy and English church.
The Matthew Bible was printed in Antwerp and sent across England as the first licensed translation of God's Word with permission given by king of England. It was 11 years after William Tyndale's New Testament was forbidden and all copies burned. After the death of king Edward VI the throne was taken by Mary I Tudor, who ordered the imprisonment of Rogers until his execution on the 4th of February. He was burned to death as his family was forced to watch. He was the first of more than 300 Protestant martyrs to be sentenced to death during the five years of "Bloody Mary's" reign.
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